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Brazil's Hate Crime Murders Number 132 in 2001

By Rex Wockner
International News Report

One hundred thirty-two Brazilian gays, lesbians and transgendered people were murdered in anti-gay hate crimes in 2001, the Grupo Gay da Bahia [GGB] reported April 24.

"When compared with the homophobic crimes documented in 25 other countries, Brazil gets put in first place, followed by Mexico, with a yearly average of 35 homicides of homosexuals, and the United States, with a yearly average of 25," said GGB President Luiz Mott, author of the report and a professor of anthropology at the Federal University of Bahia.

Eighty-eight of the victims were gay men, 41 were transgendered people and three were lesbians.

"Brazil is the world champion in murders of homosexuals, having registered between the years 1980 and 2001 a total of 2,092 such murders -- an average of 104 deaths per year," Mott said.

In 2001, the most murders occurred in S„o Paulo state (24) followed by Pernambuco (16), Bahia (14) and the Federal District (11).

According to the report:

"The crimes against homosexuals occurred above all in capital [cities], being concentrated on Friday and Sunday nights, with gays being murdered most of the time by being stabbed inside their own homes, and transvestites being victims of firearms, in the streets. Seventy-two percent of the victims were Afro-descendents (mulattos or blacks). The youngest victim was 14 years old and the oldest 68. Most of the homicides occurred in the 18-30 years age group and in practically all socioeconomic levels ... predominantly among professionals, sex workers, business owners, teachers [and] hairdressers."

Less than 20 percent of the murderers have been caught, the report said.

Related Stories from the GayToday Archive:
Skinsheads in Brazil Sentenced in the Death of a Gay Man

Brazilian State, Minas Gerais, Bans Anti-Gay Discrimination

Brazil Slow to Address Gay Murders

Related Sites:
Data Lounge: Anti-Gay Violence
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Mott says the crisis must be addressed with sex education in all schools, laws that punish anti-gay discrimination and violence, and GLBT community mobilization.

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